Barrhaven is a rapidly growing suburban neighbourhood in the southwest of the urban area of the city of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, about 17 km (11 mi) southwest of downtown Ottawa. Prior to amalgamation with Ottawa in 2001, Barrhaven was part of the City of Nepean. Its population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 72,324.
The Barrhaven area was long inhabited by First Nations peoples, and the modern Jockvale Road follows an ancient path that was originally a trail through the wilderness. In the 19th century the area became populated by European farmers as the area was divided into a number of rural homesteads.
The old Barrhaven School House located at Jockvale and Strandherd was in built in 1906. Today, the school stands as historic site. In 1911, the Canadian Northern Railway built a rail line from Ottawa to Toronto through the area. Fast passenger service was offered for many years from Fallowfield Station (near the intersection of Strandherd Dr and Cedarview Rd) to Ottawa and beyond. After many years of absence, passenger rail service was reintroduced to the area by Via Rail in the fall of 2002 through a new Fallowfield Station located at the intersection of Fallowfield Road and Woodroffe Avenue.
Modern Barrhaven was established in the 1960s, one of a group of new suburbs built outside the Greenbelt from the main city of Ottawa. Building in the area was begun by Mel Barr, for whom the community is named. Barr had originally purchased a 200-acre (0.81 km^2) farm with the intent of constructing a horse racing track. However the Rideau Carleton Raceway was built further to the east, and Barr instead decided to develop his land for housing.
Barrhaven subsequently grew rapidly into a community of several tens of thousands of people. Commercial centres were slower to arrive. In 1990 the area was served by a single grocery store, had no movie theatre, and not even a bar. This has changed with the opening in 1991 of the vast Barrhaven Town Centre complex of big box stores and smaller commercial establishments, as well as a few smaller shopping malls. The 1990s also saw the influx of high-tech companies into the area (such as JDS Uniphase and Nortel), and the growth of the Public Service in the National Capital Region. The area got its first high school in 1998 when Mother Teresa High School (Catholic) opened, followed by John McCrae Secondary School (public) in 1999. Barrhaven gained its third high school in 2002 when St. Joseph High School (Catholic) opened. In September 2009, Longfields-Davidson Heights Secondary School (Public) opened.
- Adrienne Clarkson Elementary School
- Barrhaven Public School
- Berrigan Elementary School
- Chapman Mills Public School
- Farley Mowat Public School
- Jockvale Elementary School
- Mary Honeywell Elementary School
- Ecole Michaëlle Jean (French)
- Cedarview Middle School
- John McCrae Secondary School
- Longfields-Davidson Heights Secondary School
- L’école élémentaire catholique Jean-Robert Gauthier (French)
- L’école élémentaire catholique Pierre Elliot Trudeau (French)
- L’école élémentaire catholique Sainte-Kateri (French)
- Monsignor Paul Baxter Catholic elementary school
- St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Catholic elementary school
- St. Emily Catholic elementary school
- St. Luke Catholic elementary school
- St. Patrick Catholic elementary school
- St. Andrew Catholic elementary school
- Mother Teresa High School
- St. Joseph High School
- École Secondaire Catholique Pierre-Savard